National Stadium | Double Olympic Stadium, the world’s first
On August 8, 2008, the opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympic Games was held in the “Bird’s Nest”.Figure / Visual China’s ancient Beijing city has a middle and middle. The late architect Liang Sicheng once said that Beijing’s unique magnificence level was created by the establishment of this middle structure.In the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, the stripes in Beijing City were elongated.At the center, running north and crossing the North Fourth Ring Road, the National Stadium (Bird’s Nest) and the National Swimming Center (Water Cube) with “one circle” are arranged vertically.In just a few years, as the “bird’s nest” of the Olympic legacy, the “Water Cube” has broken through the same name as the Forbidden City and the Great Wall, which have become the new landmark of Beijing.In 2008, “Bird’s Nest” witnessed an unparalleled Olympic event.After the Beijing Olympics, the “Bird’s Nest” opened to the outside world and currently receives more than 34 million tourists.As a model of post-game operation of super-large stadiums, “Bird’s Nest” now has an annual income of more than 2.600 million, profitable for several consecutive years.In 2022, the “Bird’s Nest” can host the opening and closing ceremonies of the Beijing Winter Olympics and become the world’s first “Double Olympic Stadium”.Visitors have to go to the “Bird’s Nest” to check in. In order to take a photo with the “Bird’s Nest”, 43-year-old Chen Xudong and his son changed places on the scenic avenue.Looking at the photos on the phone, Chen Xudong smiled and said, “It’s worth it!!”This day is August 8, a lucky day for the Chinese.”I have brought my children to Beijing for a few days, so I thought about coming to the” Bird’s Nest “and” Water Cube “side today.What a good day, August 8.”11 years ago at the Beijing Olympics, Chen Xudong watched the opening ceremony while watching TV in his hometown in Shandong. It was also his life dream to come to Beijing to watch the” Bird’s Nest “.The next Olympics will alternate, and it is expected to come again in 2022.”Chen Xudong said.After the Beijing Olympics, the “Bird’s Nest” began to open to the public.In March 2013, “Bird’s Nest” was approved as a national 5A-level tourist attraction.As the iconic Olympic legacy left by the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, the “Bird’s Nest” has now become a must-have place for tourists to come to Beijing together with the Forbidden City, the Great Wall and the Summer Palace.Visitors who enter the “Bird’s Nest” like Chen Xudong average more than 3 million people every year.According to the figures provided by the “Bird’s Nest” official to the Beijing News, since the opening of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, it has received more than 34 million Chinese and foreign tourists and spectators.Four months before the opening, more than 3 million tourists visited the “Bird’s Nest”, and the average daily passenger flow once exceeded the Forbidden City and the Great Wall.In fact, the original name of “Bird’s Nest” was not “Bird’s Nest”, but its name at the original trial stage was “B11 Plan”.The designer did not give it a name, but used “bird’s nest” in the explanatory text of the submitted plan to conveniently describe its weaving characteristics.Later, everyone used to call it the “Bird’s Nest” and forgot its official name: National Stadium.Construction of the “Bird’s Nest” began in 2003 and was completed in March 2008.Over the past ten years, the design of “Bird’s Nest” is still very avant-garde.In June 2014, “Bird’s Nest” was selected as one of China’s top ten contemporary buildings. Among the city’s iconic buildings were China Zun, Shanghai Jinmao Tower, and Guangzhou TV Tower.The biggest feature of “Bird’s Nest” is the woven grid-like appearance, this design is extremely visually striking.Almost all visitors who first saw the “Bird’s Nest” exclaimed: It really looks like a big bird’s nest!The outer layer of the “Bird’s Nest” building is a steel frame, which is different from the traditional metal frame outer wall, and has extremely high requirements for steel and welding processes.The final choice of “Bird’s Nest” is Q460 steel independently developed by Wuhan Iron and Steel. This steel has higher strength, corrosion resistance, and can maintain gloss for a long time.Entering the “Bird’s Nest”, the field of vision is particularly wide, and there is no column in the infield.Regardless of the upper, middle and lower levels of the auditorium, the distance from the center of the stadium is maintained at about 140 meters, and the viewing experience is very good.As a super-large stadium, the main design of the “Bird’s Nest” has a service life of 100 years, and the design seismic level is 8.Even in danger, tens of thousands of spectators can be evacuated in 8 minutes, which is the highest level of data represented by the current large stadium.In the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, “Bird’s Nest” undertook the opening and closing ceremonies, as well as track and field, football and other projects.At present, “Bird’s Nest” is cooperating with the Beijing Winter Olympics Organizing Committee to carry out the renovation of related venues for the opening and closing ceremonies.In 2022, the “Bird’s Nest” will host the opening and closing ceremonies of the 24th Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games, and become the world’s first “Double Olympic Stadium”.On April 9, 2009, a tourist took a picture of the “golden moment”.Picture / Vision China ‘s old party secretary holding a torch in the practice of a wine bottle on July 13, 2001, Beijing won the right to host the 2008 Summer Olympic Games, and it was a joy for the country.But for the residents of Waiwali Township in the North Fourth Ring Road, the feeling at this moment is a little complicated. The successful bid for the Olympic Games means that they will move away from the hometown of generations.When deciding to bid for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, the Beijing Olympics bidding committee had three plans for the location of the Olympic Park, namely the fourth ring road in the southeast, Yizhuang and Wali Township.In the end, Wali Township, located outside the North Fourth Ring Road, won.”Wali” is an ancient village with a history of more than 500 years. The terrain is low-lying, abundant, and rich in rice and oil chicken.On the same day as the successful bid for the Olympic Games, 38-year-old Naheli was elected captain of the 14th Brigade of Wabian Village, Wali Township.Naheli’s father was called Nazhong, who was the old party secretary of Wabian Village.In August 2002, the Beijing Municipal Government issued a demolition announcement, and Wabian Village was used as the site for the construction of the main venue.On September 14, 2002, the loyal father and son took the lead to move out of the old house in Wali Township, creating an example for someone in Wali Township.The location of Naheli ‘s old house in Wabian Village has now been transformed into the Olympic Park Scenic Boulevard, and the “Bird ‘s Nest” is not far away.”I told the people in the demolition team that we must wait for us to go, and then you will demolish.”That Harley clearly remembered that the morning when he moved, his father packed the yard clean,” it must be reluctant, after all, ancestors have lived here for generations.But watching the once urban-rural junction turn into such a beautiful Olympic park today, there is a sense of honor.”Na Heli did not go far. He moved into a nearby building and was placed in Xinao Property Management Co., Ltd., responsible for the management of the public area of the stadium site.” It was a bit lost at first, but it was okay later, and I felt that I did not leave.After the demolition, I lived nearby and worked nearby. Many colleagues were from the same village.When the 2004 Athens Olympics torch was passed through in China, 73-year-old Na Zhong was selected as the torchbearer. The old man gradually carried the bottle and practiced at home for several months.In October 2004, when Na Zhong died unhappily, the old man’s greatest wish in his lifetime was to be able to take a look at the opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympics.During the Beijing Olympics, Na Heli took his family to the “Bird’s Nest” to watch a track and field competition, which was considered to have fulfilled his father’s wish.On the opening day of the Beijing Olympic Games, Naheli, the 60th torchbearer, ran a 200-meter distance with his father’s photo.Now, Heli still has a wish, hoping that her daughter will become a torchbearer for the 2022 Beijing Olympic Games. “The three generations of grandchildren and grandchildren are all torchbearers, and it is also a heritage of the Olympic spirit.”There are too many Wali villagers like Na Heli who choose to leave, but more Wali villagers are scattered in all corners of Beijing, 66-year-old Yang Delu is one.After changing its name to Olympic Village in 2004, “Wali Township” officially disappeared from the administrative division of Chaoyang District in Beijing.Yang Delu was a little bit nostalgic. He took the compensation for demolition to the Bailang River 30 kilometers north of the “Bird’s Nest” to build a village house and set up a “Wali Museum”, which recorded the history of Wali Township for more than 500 years.Twenty days before the opening of the Beijing Olympic Games, the “Wali Museum” opened, which is regarded as the root of the memory of the people of Wali.In February of this year, the rural residential building was demolished as a whole, and the exhibits of the “Wali Museum” were temporarily placed in the warehouse, waiting for the new site to be located before meeting the world.The outer layer of the “Bird’s Nest” building is a special steel structure.Figure / Vision China’s annual income after the Olympic Games exceeds 2.The scale of the US $ 600 million Olympic Games continues to expand, and the use of Olympic venues after the game has virtually become a major problem after the Olympic cities. If they are not handled properly, they will increase the economic burden of participating cities. Sydney and Athens are all so.How to make Olympic venues an Olympic legacy, rather than making it a burden, becomes a problem in front of all Olympic cities.At the end of 2014, the International Olympic Committee adopted the “Olympic 2020 Agenda”, which will fundamentally reshape the future Olympic Games. One of them will involve the use of Olympic venues after the game.New ideas.The “Bird’s Nest” as a super stadium is no exception.After the 2008 Olympic Games, the “Bird’s Nest” operation also experienced a short-term “confusion period”, and the annual expenditure of nearly 200 million yuan is not a small amount for any operator.As an important Olympic legacy, the most important way for “Bird’s Nest” to expand operating benefits is to expand the value of intangible assets.北京体育大学教授林显鹏表示“鸟巢”、“水立方”的社会效益和社会价值要远大于其本身的商业价值，“从这一点来说，像‘鸟巢’、‘水立方’这样的场馆在奥运会After the reservation is intact and the operation is normal, it is already creating value.In 2009, Beijing State-owned Assets Management Co., Ltd. took over the “Bird’s Nest” and began to operate in accordance with the “government-led, social participation, and enterprise operation” model.After years of operation exploration, the “Bird’s Nest” has formed a business layout with large-scale activities, tourism services, and commercial development as its main body, and its income structure is increasingly optimized.At the same time, “Bird’s Nest” focuses on trademark authorization and sponsorship investment, develops a cultural and creative product system with “Bird’s Nest” characteristics, and designs and produces more than 700 varieties of licensed products and mascot derivatives in 20 categories.Today, the “Bird’s Nest” has turned into a professional venue for top sports events and cultural performances in China, becoming a veritable national landmark sports building and Olympic heritage, and a model for the comprehensive utilization of extra-large Olympic venues after the game.According to the figures officially provided by the “Bird’s Nest” to the Beijing News, since the opening of the Beijing Olympic Games to date, it has received about 34 million Chinese and foreign tourists, held more than 320 large-scale competitions of various types of people, and its annual operating income exceeded 2.US $ 600 million, which fully covers fixed assets depreciation, operation and maintenance costs and other costs, has achieved profitability for many consecutive years, and has paid nearly US $ 100 million in taxes.Mayday likes to hold a concert at “Bird’s Nest”.Picture / Visual China has no strength in opening concerts here. From August 23 to 25 this year, May Day held three concerts in the “Bird’s Nest”, attracting more than 200,000 fans to the scene.As a “national name” stadium, it is the dream of many singers to hold a personal concert in “Bird’s Nest”, but few people have the courage and strength to challenge this huge stadium with more than 80,000 seats.With the “Bird’s Nest” rating, the pressure for artists to sing in the Capital Gymnasium, Workers’ Stadium, and even Wukesong Gymnasium is much less stressful.”Bird’s Nest” is hailed as the great architectural work of the “fourth-generation stadium”.After the Beijing Olympics, it became Beijing’s iconic cultural performance venue.On May 1, 2009, the “Jackie Chan and his friends” concert was in the “Bird’s Nest” antique, which was the first concert of the “Bird’s Nest” in the post-Olympic era.On the same day two years later, the “Rolling Stone 30 Years” concert was in “Bird’s Nest” antiques, which was the first time that “Bird’s Nest” released pop and rock performances.The “Rolling Stones 30 Years” concert lasted 5 and a half hours, and gathered Mayday, Zhang Zhenyue, Wu Bai, Qi Qin, Zhou Huajian, Ren Xianqi, Mo Wenwei, Liu Ruoying and other popular singers.”This should be the first purely commercial, market-oriented concert of” Bird’s Nest “after the Beijing Olympic Games.Zhang Yiming, general manager of Beijing Huale Extraordinary Cultural Communication Co., Ltd., was the trader of the “Bird’s Nest” concert of “Rolling Stone 30 Years”. After that, he brought Mayday’s Beijing concert to the “Bird’s Nest” for 6 years.””举行了14场演唱会，“可以说我们是在‘鸟巢’做演唱会最多的公司了。”It is not easy to hold a concert at” Bird’s Nest “, which is costly and risky. At least one year in advance for approval, and the related approval process is also a lot. The energy consumption involved is much more complicated than in other stadiums.Even so, artists still hope to sing in “Bird’s Nest”.At present, Wang Lihong, Mayday, Wang Feng, Chen Yixun, Hua Chenyu, Zhang Jie and others have all sang in the “Bird’s Nest”.”First and foremost,” Bird’s Nest “is indeed the largest stadium in China.More importantly, ‘Bird ‘s Nest’ is a stadium with a symbolic meaning, a stadium with a sense of ceremony, which is completely different from other venues.If an artist can successfully perform a concert in “Bird’s Nest”, the whole meaning and feeling are different.”Zhang Yiming said with a smile, coming to the” Bird’s Nest “concert in Mayday has become addictive, coming almost every year.May God vocalist Asin likes “Bird’s Nest”, and he cares every time he comes here for a concert.张熠明说阿信在一些巡演中很少会彩排，但每次来“鸟巢”一定要认真彩排，他会担心声场，担心哪个角落有可能会听不见，“在‘鸟巢’他会很注意细节There will be no feeling of conquering a small venue at will.”After this year’s” Bird’s Nest “concert, Asin wrote a message on Weibo,” Mayday at the “Bird’s Nest” performance came to the 14th night, every night we tried our best to make it unique.”Because we know that this may be a period in your life.”Axin then thanked the public security police, traffic, firefighting, medical care, venues and other people who had spent labor for the concert.Due to undertaking the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2022 Beijing Olympic Winter Games, the “Bird’s Nest” will cooperate with the Beijing Winter Olympic Games Organizing Committee’s opening and closing ceremonies operations team to transform the venues, and related performances will also stop one after another.Sauna, Ye Wang Sun Haiguang editor Wang Xihuang Overview of the venue ● Construction year: built in 2003 and completed in 2008.● Site size: covers an area of 21 kilometers and can accommodate 91,000 spectators.● Geographic Location: South of the central area of Beijing Olympic Park.● Historical history: As the main stadium of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, the antique Olympic Games, the Paralympic Games opening and closing ceremonies, track and field competitions and football finals.Memorabilia ● On August 8, 2008, the Beijing Olympic Games opened at the “Bird’s Nest”.● On August 8, 2009, the Italian Super Cup football game was antique at the National Stadium.● On August 8, 2010, the “Barcelona China Tour” Chinese and Western football match was antique in the National Stadium.● On July 27, 2012, the “Bird’s Nest” Temple Cup Premier League football game was antique at the National Stadium.● On August 22, 2015, the Beijing IAAF World Athletics Championships antiques in the National Stadium.